Berean Bible Study Notes

The Holy Spirit

 



 

A short study of the Holy Spirit

John 7:37 On the last and greatest day of the Feast, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. 38 Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him." 39 By this he meant the Spirit , whom those who believed in him were later to receive . Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.

This is not the first time that the Gospel of John talks about the Holy Spirit and it won't be the last. John speaks again and again about Spirit, especially in chapters 14, 15 and 16. There are many directions I could have gone to study the Holy Spirit, but I'll use John as a guide to keep me from getting too broad. (A good thing, as I still have a very great deal to learn about many things, including the Holy Spirit.)

I'm also going to try to avoid too many conclusions but just gather Scriptures together for you to study. To do that, I'll be making use of several things, including the Zondervan NIV Nave's Topical Bible, which is very similar to Nave's Topical Bible, which is based on the King James version.

There are many, many books you can read for further study. I'll have a few listed at the end, and I will also include links to articles available online.

OK, to do this, we're going to jump ahead in John:

John 14:15 "If you love me, you will obey what I command. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever- 17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. 18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. 19 Before long, the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. 20 On that day you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you. 21 Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him."

The Comforter is with us

Jesus says that the Father will send "another" Counselor, the Holy Spirit. The word "another" is allos (al'-los). It means "another of the same sort." Jesus is saying that the Holy Spirit will be for the disciples as He has been. The word "Counselor" is parakletos (par-ak'-lay-tos) and literally means "called to one's side." It's used for someone who is able to give aid. In Greek courts, it was the word used for the defense counsel or advocate for the accused. It can mean "advocate," and in its broadest sense, it means someone who provides comfort or encouragement. The King James says "Comforter." The New King James says "Helper." All are good words.

The Comforter will not leave us

So, Jesus is saying that He will provide another comforter, counselor, encourager, helper who will do what He has done for the disciples. The Comforter will be with us, as the Greek literally says, for the entirety of this age:

Matthew 28:19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."

It's interesting that Jesus said the Holy Spirit would be another counselor of the same sort that He is, and in fact, in the Matthew passage above, He says "I am with you always." That kind of comes through in these passages, too:

Acts 16:7 When they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus would not allow them to.

Philippians 1:19 for I know that through your prayers and the help given by the Spirit of Jesus Christ, what has happened to me will turn out for my deliverance.

Romans 8:9 You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ.

1 Peter 1:10 Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and with the greatest care, 11 trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow.

Galatians 4:6 Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, "Abba, Father

You might get the idea that the Holy Spirit is just an invisible Jesus, but Jesus refers to the Spirit separately from Himself, and calls the Spirit "He":

John 16:7 But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you

The Spirit is also referred to as the Spirit of God the Father:

Matthew 10:19 But when they arrest you, do not worry about what to say or how to say it. At that time you will be given what to say, 20 for it will not be you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.

OK, back to the point of this section - the Spirit will be with us to the end of the age:

Ephesians 1:13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation. Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession to the praise of his glory.



The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Truth

Let's go back to our verses:

John 14:15 "If you love me, you will obey what I command. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever- 17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. 18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. 19 Before long, the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. 20 On that day you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you. 21 Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him."

The Counselor, the Holy Spirit, is the Spirit of truth. He was given to you when you believed the truth:

Ephesians 1:13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation. Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit , 14 who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession — to the praise of his glory.

He also helps you to discern the truth (although we do not always hear Him perfectly), to believe the truth of the Scriptures and to speak the truths of God. I can remember a very specific time when this happened to me. I was in my car, listening to some program on Christian radio. I don't remember who was speaking, but he said, "If you were the only one that Jesus could save by dying on the cross, He would have done it anyway, just for you. He loves you that much." I just sat there in a parking stall, absolutely stunned. Truth. I just KNEW that I was hearing the truth. That was the Spirit of Truth, testifying within me. Later in John, it says:

John 16:12 "I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.

Without the Holy Spirit, the Bible is just literature, just words. It is the Holy Spirit who helps you believe it as truth.



The Holy Spirit dwells within us

The world cannot accept the Holy Spirit. They don't see Him, hear Him or believe in Him. But, He was already with the disciples, or they would not be believing a word that Jesus had to say. Also, Jesus, Himself, was living with them, and Jesus may be referring to both things. The verse goes on to say that the Holy Spirit will be in you. That was something that had been prophesied. Here is just one of several places:

Ezekiel 36:27 And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.

But, it sounded so incredible, that even Nicodemus, the most renowned teacher in Israel reacted by saying, "How can this be?" when Jesus reminded him of it.

John 14:15 "If you love me, you will obey what I command. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever- 17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. 18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. 19 Before long, the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. 20 On that day you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you. 21 Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him."

Jesus goes on to say, I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. Jesus' spirit, the Holy Spirit, would come to them. I know it's confusing, but when Jesus is jumping back and forth from third person to first person, He is just affirming the reality of the Trinity. Also, Jesus in the flesh will return, after His resurrection, and when He comes again. In verse 20, He kind of does it again, On that day you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you.

Jesus is with you. Jesus' spirit is in you! Look how this goes on:

John 14:22 Then Judas (not Judas Iscariot) said, "But, Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world?"

23 Jesus replied, "If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. 24 He who does not love me will not obey my teaching. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me.

Look what Jesus says: If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. Is there anything more precious? This is the truth that we need to hang onto in coming days. Jesus is with you. The Father is with you. You are not alone, no matter how it feels sometimes. What is the teaching that we must obey for this to happen? That Jesus is the Messiah, the Christ and that He died for your sins and rose again. How do you obey it? You believe it! When you believe it, the Holy Spirit will work within you to produce good fruit.

Here are more verses about the Spirit dwelling within us:

Romans 8:9 (NKJV) But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His. 10 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.

1 Corinthians3:16 (NKJV) Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?

 

The Holy Spirit will teach us

John 14:25 "All this I have spoken while still with you. 26 But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you. 27 Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid.

Now, this was said specifically to the disciples, who later went on to write and to teach about Jesus, but it also applies to us. The Holy Spirit teaches us. In fact, He is the best teacher that there is. I'm going to borrow some things from a previous Bible study:

1 Corinthians 2
Wisdom From the Spirit
6We do, however, speak a message of wisdom among the mature, but not the wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nothing. 7No, we speak of God's secret wisdom, a wisdom that has been hidden and that God destined for our glory before time began. 8None of the rulers of this age understood it, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. 9However, as it is written:
"No eye has seen,
no ear has heard,
no mind has conceived
what God has prepared for those who love him" --
10but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit.
11The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. 12We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us. 13This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, expressing spiritual truths in spiritual words. 14The man without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually discerned.

This says that without the Spirit of God within us, the Word of God seems foolish. Without the help of the Spirit, you cannot understand. But, remember, the converse is true - WITH the Spirit of God, you WILL understand what God intends for you to understand.

2 Corinthians 3
13We are not like Moses, who would put a veil over his face to keep the Israelites from gazing at it while the radiance was fading away. 14But their minds were made dull, for to this day the same veil remains when the old covenant is read. It has not been removed, because only in Christ is it taken away. 15Even to this day when Moses is read, a veil covers their hearts. 16But whenever anyone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 

 

Here, again, it says without Christ (and His Spirit within you), you will not understand what these things mean. You need wisdom, and wisdom comes through God's Word, from the Holy Spirit. When Jesus becomes your Savior, His Holy Spirit comes to dwell within you, and the "veil is taken away." So, in other words, when the Holy Spirit begins to work in you, you will begin to understand. The more you are in God's Word, the "louder" the Holy Spirit gets, and the more you understand. It's like a ball rolling downhill. The more you are in God's Word, the more the Spirit can work on you (because He uses the Word to work), and the more the Spirit works, the more you will understand. It's a process that, once started, will not stop!

John 16:12 I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.

Jesus said this to his disciples, but it applies to us, too. There are some things that we are simply not ready to understand, but the Holy Spirit will guide you and teach you as time goes on - at the pace that is perfect for you.



1 John 2:27 As for you, the anointing you received from him remains in you, and you do not need anyone to teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about all things and as that anointing is real, not counterfeit--just as it has taught you, remain in him.

This isn't saying that teachers aren't a good thing. It just means that you don't REQUIRE a teacher beyond the Holy Spirit. The Bible says that "some are called to be teachers" and Hebrews 5 even says that some of us ought to be teaching! Most of our pastors do a wonderful job of teaching. But, if you were on a desert island, just you and your Bible, God Himself would teach you through His Word.

The idea of having teachers is wonderful and completely biblical. However, they were never meant to become a layer between you and God. The Jehovah Witnesses tell their people that they are incapable of understanding the Bible without the JW leadership to explain what it REALLY means. The are taught that if they read the Bible on their own, they will fall into apostasy. I suppose, from the JW viewpoint, that is exactly correct, because they would start to see the falseness of the JW religion. Christian Scientists do the same thing (check out the cult page here on my web site if you're interested). That is John's point. In the previous verse, he says:

1 John 2:26 I am writing these things to you about those who are trying to lead you astray.

John is saying that the Holy Spirit will teach you truth, if you let Him. The more you know God's Word, the more "protected" you will be from falsehood.

Sometimes even godly, biblical teachers can be a hindrance to you, through no fault of their own. A teacher should show you the view, not BE the view. For example, if your only way of reading the Bible is through the commentaries that your church puts out, your understanding is then limited to theirs. That doesn't mean that what they have to say is wrong, but you may not be ready for it. Or, the Holy Spirit may want to connect things in an entirely different way for you.

Even the best teachers in the world are still just human, and are capable of making mistakes. Your trust should be in the One the teacher is pointing to, not the teacher. Inevitably, that person will disappoint you in one way or another, and if he or she was your only conduit to God, it can lead to disappointment with God. How many people have fallen away from faith entirely because their pastor got caught up in sin?

 

OK, so the Holy Spirit helps us understand God's Word. What if there's something you don't understand, no matter how many times you've read it? Just ask for help!

Luke 11
Jesus' Teaching on Prayer
9"So I say to you: Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. 10For everyone who asks receives; he who seeks finds; and to him who knocks, the door will be opened.
11"Which of you fathers, if your son asks for[6] a fish, will give him a snake instead? 12Or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? 13If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!"

James 1:5 If any of you lacks wisdom, he should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to him.

 

There will be times when you'll want to look up things in a commentary or ask a pastor or someone that you feel will be able to explain a part of the Bible to you. That's great!! That's what those things and people are there for!! But, just remember that their understanding may also be limited (we're all still learning or should be!) and God may give you a fuller answer in time. Don't be satisfied with an explanation, just because it would appear that the person knows better than you. Remember what Jesus said:

Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus said, "I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children.

 

The Holy Spirit testifies of Jesus, not of Himself

OK, now we're going to jump ahead to chapter 15:

John 15:26 "When the Counselor comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father, he will testify about me. 27 And you also must testify, for you have been with me from the beginning.

And, in chapter 16, it says:

John 16:12 "I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. 14 He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you. 15 All that belongs to the Father is mine. That is why I said the Spirit will take from what is mine and make it known to you.

The Holy Spirit will not speak on His own, but only what He hears. His job is to make Jesus known, to take what is of Jesus and making it known to us. He did this directly for the New Testament writers, and He does it for us by helping us believe what was written. He testifies about Jesus to our hearts and helps us know what is true.

John 16:13 (KJV) Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. 14 He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. 15 All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

The King James says he shall not speak of himself, which means that He won't speak on His own, as the NIV says. However, I believe it also means that He doesn't call attention to Himself, doesn't glorify Himself. In the Old Testament, whenever someone is portrayed as a type of the Holy Spirit, he is always unnamed, as when Abraham's servant is sent to obtain a wife for Isaac. We know from elsewhere that his name is Eliezer (which means God is help or God's helper), but in that particular story, he is completely unnamed.

I believe that's why churches that put too much emphasis on the Holy Spirit seem to go wrong easily. The Holy Spirit's job is to testify of Jesus, so when He is at work, Jesus will be proclaimed.



The Holy Spirit convicts of sin, righteousness and judgment

John 16:5 "Now I am going to him who sent me, yet none of you asks me, 'Where are you going?' 6 Because I have said these things, you are filled with grief. 7 But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. 8 When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: 9 in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; 10 in regard to righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer; 11 and in regard to judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned.



OK, now I'm going to grab subjects from the Topical Bible and just give verses:

The Holy Spirit Guides

Acts 13:2 While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them." 3 So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off. 4 The two of them, sent on their way by the Holy Spirit, went down to Seleucia and sailed from there to Cyprus.

Acts 15: 28 It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements: 29 You are to abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality. You will do well to avoid these things.

Acts 16: 6 Paul and his companions traveled throughout the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been kept by the Holy Spirit from preaching the word in the province of Asia. 7 When they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus would not allow them to.

Romans 8:13 For if you live according to the sinful nature, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live, 14 because those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God.

Galatians 5:16 So I say, live by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the sinful nature.

The Holy Spirit helps us in our weakness

Romans 8:26 In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express.

The Holy Spirit intercedes for us

Romans 8:26 In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express. 27 And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints in accordance with God's will.

The Holy Spirit regenerates and sanctifies us

John 3:5 Jesus answered, "I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit. 6 Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit.

2 Corinthians 3:3 You show that you are a letter from Christ, the result of our ministry, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.

2 Corinthians 3:18 And we, who with unveiled faces all reflect the Lord's glory, are being transformed into his likeness with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.

Titus 3:5 He saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy. He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit, 6 whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior,

Romans 15:15 I have written you quite boldly on some points, as if to remind you of them again, because of the grace God gave me 16 to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles with the priestly duty of proclaiming the gospel of God, so that the Gentiles might become an offering acceptable to God, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.

1 Corinthians 6:9 Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor male prostitutes nor homosexual offenders 10 nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And that is what some of you were. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

2 Thessalonians 2:13 But we ought always to thank God for you, brothers loved by the Lord, because from the beginning God chose you to be saved through the sanctifying work of the Spirit and through belief in the truth.

1 Peter 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God's elect, strangers in the world, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, 2 who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and sprinkling by his blood:

The Holy Spirit offers fellowship with us

2 Corinthians 13:14 May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

Philippians 2:1 If you have any encouragement from being united with Christ, if any comfort from his love, if any fellowship with the Spirit, if any tenderness and compassion, 2 then make my joy complete by being like-minded, having the same love, being one in spirit and purpose.

The Holy Spirit is given to every Christian

1 Corinthians 12:7 Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good

Romans 8:9 You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ.

The Holy Spirit is given in answer to prayer

Luke 11:13 If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!"

Acts 8:15 When they (the apostles) arrived, they prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit,

The Holy Spirit gives us access to the Father

Ephesians 2:18 For through him (Jesus) we both have access to the Father by one Spirit.

The Holy Spirit gives gifts

1 Corinthians 12:7 Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. 8 To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, 9 to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, 10 to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues. 11 All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines.

The Holy Spirit gives wisdom and strength

Deuteronomy 34:9 Now Joshua son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom because Moses had laid his hands on him. So the Israelites listened to him and did what the LORD had commanded Moses.

Ephesians 1:17 I keep asking that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the glorious Father, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation, so that you may know him better.

Ephesians 3:16 I pray that out of his glorious riches he may strengthen you with power through his Spirit in your inner being, 17 so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith. And I pray that you, being rooted and established in love, 18 may have power, together with all the saints, to grasp how wide and long and high and deep is the love of Christ, 19 and to know this love that surpasses knowledge — that you may be filled to the measure of all the fullness of God.

1 Corinthians 2:13 This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit , expressing spiritual truths in spiritual words.

1 Corinthians 12:8 To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom , to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit ,

Christians may be filled with the Holy Spirit

(Note that this is more than just receiving the Spirit as all Christians do when they believe)

Acts 2:4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.

Acts 4:8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them: "Rulers and elders of the people!

Acts 4:31 After they prayed, the place where they were meeting was shaken. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke the word of God boldly.

Acts 6:5 This proposal pleased the whole group. They chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit; also Philip, Procorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolas from Antioch, a convert to Judaism.

Acts 11:24 He was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and faith, and a great number of people were brought to the Lord.

Acts 13:9 Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said, 10 "You are a child of the devil and an enemy of everything that is right! You are full of all kinds of deceit and trickery. Will you never stop perverting the right ways of the Lord?

Acts 13:52 And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit.

Christians are sealed with the Holy Spirit as a deposit

2 Corinthians 1:21 Now it is God who makes both us and you stand firm in Christ. He anointed us, 22 set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.

Ephesians 1:13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation. Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession — to the praise of his glory.

Ephesians 4:30 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

The Holy Spirit produces fruit

Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law.



This is just a start of all the things you can study about the Holy Spirit. You could study things that symbolize the Spirit, such as living water, fire, oil, wind, and doves, among others. You could study the inspiration of the Spirit or the Holy Spirit in the life of Jesus. Perhaps the best thing of all would be to study the Holy Spirit as the Comforter.

No matter what happens in the future, God is with us, and He has given us His Spirit to guide us and help us. More than anything else, I'd like for you to take comfort in that. No matter what happens, Jesus will never leave you or forsake you. And, if for some reason, we are unable to openly meet as believers at some point in the future, God will still lead you, guide you, teach you and protect you until we are all together again in heaven.



Questions (that I currently don't have answers for)

What is the difference between this:

John 20:21 Again Jesus said, "Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you." 22 And with that he breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit . 23 If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven."

And what happened later at Pentecost?

Acts 2:4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.

What does it mean to have the Holy Spirit "come on you?" Is that different than receiving the Spirit or being filled with the Spirit?

Acts 1:8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth."

Why did they apparently receive the Spirit immediately here:

Acts 2:38 Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit

But not here?

Acts 8:12 But when they believed Philip as he preached the good news of the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.

Acts 8:14 When the apostles in Jerusalem heard that Samaria had accepted the word of God, they sent Peter and John to them. 15 When they arrived, they prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit , 16 because the Holy Spirit had not yet come upon any of them; they had simply been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. 17 Then Peter and John placed their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit.

I'm sure if I thought about it, I could come up with lots of other questions that I don't have answers for. Some people will explain them, and I'll certainly listen with an open mind, but to me, they're not resolved yet. They're probably among the things that I'm not ready to understand yet!

 

Other Articles

Again, tons of articles available. Here are a few. You probably won't agree with everything said, but you may find these interesting:

Be Filled with the Spirit--Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4

Walking in the Spirit

Be Filled with the Spirit (Missouri synod)

Many, many articles available on the Internet. Use discernment.



Books

There are many, many books on the Holy Spirit, but you need to be discerning. Remember that there are whole church bodies that have kind of gone a little wrong on this subject. You may not agree with everything here, either, but these are fairly good:

Holy Spirit: The Giver of Life from the series, People's Bible Teachings by John F. Vogt (WELS)

“The Spirit Style” by Gayle D. Erwin, available at Amazon. I can't link directly to it due to free hosting rules.

“Living Water” by Chuck Smith (complete book for free download or online here)

“Charisma vs Charismania” by Chuck Smith (Free e-download or available online)

 

The other study that I wrote on the Holy Spirit: Living by the Spirit

 

____________________________________________________________________________

Now the Bereans were of more noble character than the Thessalonians, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true. - Acts 17:11



© 2012 This study was written by Jacqui Komschlies and last updated 2/1/2012. If you have questions, comments, corrections or concerns, please write me.

Berean Bible Study Home Page